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Archive for November, 2014

Revisiting Bolotowsky on Roosevelt Island

Prompted by the future Cornell Campus being built on Roosevelt Island, the New York Times recently profiled MAS’ work in finding and restoring a brilliant Bolotowsky mural in the Goldwater Memorial Hospital on the island. Here, Phyllis Cohen, the Director of the Adopt-a-Monument and Adopt-a-Mural programs, recounts how it was saved.
The mural painted by Bolotowsky at the Hospital for Chronic Diseases on Roosevelt Island, in 1941.

The mural painted by Bolotowsky at the Hospital for Chronic Diseases on Roosevelt Island, in 1941.

The Adopt-A-Mural Program was initiated on January 17, 1991–precisely the night that the Gulf War broke out and the air bombardment of Iraq led by the U.S. coalition began. That evening a panel of WPA scholars and friends assembled in the MAS Urban Center Gallery to discuss the extraordinary artistic achievements of the WPA and the important need to rescue many of those works from the late 1930s and 40s that had been neglected or painted over, such as the mural by the Russian-born Ilya Bolotowsky for the circular day room in Goldwater Hospital (Hospital for Chronic Diseases) on Roosevelt Island painted in 1941. The Gulf War ended four weeks later on Feb 28. But it took ten years, three mayoral administrations, countless bureaucratic changes within city agencies, and the steadfast consistency of our partners at Public Design Commission (formerly Art Commission) to return the Bolotowsky mural to public view in July 2001. It also took the shared generosity of the Judith Rothschild Foundation, Robert W. Wilson and Mike and Janet Slosberg and the Hospital itself to make this restoration possible. Bolotowsky created four known murals for New York City while on the WPA. This one is the largest. The mural for the Williamsburg Housing Project, 1937, exists but was transferred to the Brooklyn Museum after it was restored in 1989. The mural designed for the Hall Of Medical Science, New York World’s Fair, 1938-39, was destroyed. The small mosaic created for Theodore Roosevelt High School in the Bronx, 1940, remains above a water fountain in the school’s hallway. When a mural survives on the original site, it is a happy moment. None of us who doggedly and devotedly stayed with this project over the years ever anticipated just how marvelous the Bolotowsky mural would be. It is a masterpiece of American Modernism. For decades the mural lay hidden under seven coats of paint: speckled white, yellow, green, green, pink and a very ugly brown. It is suspected that sometime in the 1950s Bolotowsky’s mural fell victim to changing tastes or zeal to freshen up the hospital. The administration now certainly recognizes the beauty of the mural and was very helpful when we were restoring it seven years ago and remains so. Luca Bonetti, the Swiss-born, Italian trained conservator skillfully carried out the conservation, with his staff, guided by the knowledgeable Andrew Bolotowsky, Ilya’s son, who had long championed that his father’s mural be preserved.  Jackson Pollack, found a scaled down version of Bolotowsky’s mural with WPA material; Lee Krasner, his wife, saved it and donated it to the Guggenheim. Andrew photographed the scale version to use for an acrylic reproduction which his father was working on before his untimely death in 1981. This was all very lucky because the reproduction enabled Luca to restore the mural exactly as it was created.
Bolotowsky mural during restoration

Hand-chipping off layers of paint with chisels

The conservator, working with 5 assistants chipped off the first 3 layers of paint with chisels, a painstaking process for a 350 square foot mural. For the next 4 layers he applied a paint removing solvent paste with a brush and then peeled off the layers with a special paper. Then they injected an adhesive where the canvas base of the mural was detaching from the wall. Bolotowsky was founder of the American Abstract Artists in 1936, a group that included Mondrian. They created purely abstract art in a style known as Neo-Plastic. When Bolotowsky wrote his proposal for the WPA commission for the hospital (known as the Hospital for Chronic Diseases in 1939), he said “the most suited design for a hospital mural should contain no definite subject matter but should be generally soothing in its line and color.”  The painting begins at waist height, for the seated patients. He wanted them to feel the universe was bigger as they sat in their wheelchairs. When I went there the year before the hospital closed I asked a patient sitting in the room for lunch what he thought about the mural. He replied “I think it’s very nice; you don’t have to know what it is but it’s something pleasant to look at. Bolotowsky would have been pleased. Andrew, a professional flutist, would return to the hospital annually to give concerts to the patients and to keep an eye on his father’s wonderful mural. Phyllis Samitz Cohen Director, Adopt-A- Monument/Mural program Bolotowsky's Full Mural

2015 Brendan Gill Prize: Call for Nominations

Gill logo.jpg

The 2015 BRENDAN GILL PRIZE Call for Nominations

Dear MAS Members and Friends, Nominations are now open for the 27th Annual Brendan Gill Prize, MAS’s signature award honoring art and culture in our city! The Gill Prize, which includes an endowed cash award, is awarded each year to the creator of a specific work: a book, essay, musical composition, play, painting, sculpture, architectural design, film, or choreographic piece that best captures the spirit and energy of New York City. The nominee may be an individual or a group, a renowned artist or an emerging talent—the Gill Prize strives to bring attention to the constellation of artistic experiences that enrich our contemporary urban life. All works submitted for consideration must have been produced and completed in 2014.  The award celebrates a singular contribution or project, rather than a lifetime of achievement.  The winner will be selected by the Brendan Gill jury, an esteemed group of nine experts intimately involved in the arts and literature of the city. The winner of the 2015 Gill Prize will be honored at a ceremony and reception during the MAS Annual Meeting this spring! Please submit your nomination form via email to pcohen@mas.org before December 16, 2014. If preferred, hard copies with background material can be mailed to MAS at 488 Madison Avenue, Suite 1900, New York, NY, 10022, Attention: Phyllis Cohen. Download the nomination form now!
Download the Nomination Form (PDF)
Thank you for sharing your enthusiasm for arts and culture with our organization. For more information, please visit mas.org/brendan-gill or call 212.935.3960 x1224. RECENT HONOREES 2014 Michael Kimmelman for his New York Times articles on Penn Station 2013 Louis Kahn (posthumously) for Four Freedoms Park 2011 John Morse for Curbside Haiku 2010 Michael Van Valkenburgh for Brooklyn Bridge Park 2009 Mike and Doug Starn for See it change, see it split 2008 Sufjan Stevens for the BQE 2007 Sarah Jones for Bridge & Tunnel 2006 Christo and Jeanne-Claude for The Gates, Central Park 2005 Yoshio Taniguchi and the new Museum of Modern Art.