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New Penn Station Alliance

Two of the metropolitan region’s most prominent civic groups – Regional Plan Association and Municipal Art Society – have launched a public campaign to overhaul Penn Station and reconsider the location of Madison Square Garden atop our busiest and most vital transportation hub.

RPA and MAS are calling on leaders of our city and region to seize a unique opportunity this year to envision substantial changes to Penn Station, where overcrowded and grim public areas have plagued hundreds of thousands of daily commuters for nearly five decades.

Madison Square Garden’s special land-use permit, granted in 1963 for 50 years, expired in January and is being reviewed this spring by the Manhattan Borough President and the City Planning Commission, with a final decision rendered by the City Council. Under the City Planning Commission’s standard practice, a new permit would give the owners of the Garden rights to the site on top of Penn Station in perpetuity. This could permanently block any attempt to improve the transit hub, saddling future generations with a failed Penn Station.

Penn Station can’t be moved, because it is linked to a vast network of tracks and other infrastructure that run below the station. Yet its location beneath Madison Square Garden means it would be nearly impossible to bring substantial light, air and space into the existing facility.

Penn Station’s problems aren’t only aesthetic. The station is so space-constrained that it struggles to accommodate passenger traffic from the rail systems that currently use it or absorb future passenger growth and new services such as high-speed rail. While large cities around the world—and New York’s own Grand Central Terminal—have built and transformed rail stations into appealing destinations for residents and visitors, Penn Station has never been a magnet for west Midtown.

RPA and MAS also believe that New York deserves a world-class sports and entertainment arena. Madison Square Garden is among the country’s oldest professional basketball or hockey stadium currently in operation. The building’s façade, architecture and freight-loading facilities are severely dated. The arena, which has moved twice since its inception on Madison Avenue in 1879, today faces growing competition from two other modern sports and events venues in the New York area.

To remain a globally competitive city, we need to seize this opportunity to rethink the future of Penn Station.

We recommend granting the Garden a permit for 10 years, rather than a permanent extension. This would give the metropolitan region sufficient time to consider the best options for both Penn Station and Madison Square Garden, including a number of potential alternative locations for the arena within Manhattan.

The City Planning Commission is holding a public hearing on April 10 on Madison Square Garden’s application for a special permit. On April 19, Regional Plan Association will have a panel discussion at the organization’s annual Assembly in New York that will explore in greater detail options for both Penn Station and Madison Square Garden.

We look forward to working with representatives of Madison Square Garden, the City of New York and the civic community to explore the future of Penn Station and the Garden.

Join our campaign by emailing: newpennstation@mas.org.